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Injections


AVASTIN

AvastinOrange County Retina offers Avastin therapy for several problems including the treatment of wet macular degeneration, macular edema associated with vein occlusion, diabetes, cataract surgery, and uveitis. It does require dilation of the pupils and it is administered as painless eye injection. A series of treatments may be required.

This drug was originally used for cancer patients but is now used to treat wet macular degeneration and works by inhibiting growth of abnormal blood vessels in the back of the eye.

The objective of the Avastin™ is ultimately to prevent further vision loss. Some patients have reported some regained vision but the medication should not be expected to restore vision that has already been lost due to macular degeneration.


EYLEA

The FDA has recently approved Eylea for the treatment of the wet form of age related macular degeneration (AMD). The blood vessels can leak blood and fluid, causing damage to the retina. Eylea blocks all forms of this factor, called VEGF, and also blocks a second similar factor. In June 2011, an FDA advisory panel unanimously recommended approval of Eylea, previously called VEGF Trap-Eye. The generic name for Eylea is aflibercept.

Although the FDA has ruled that Eylea's benefits outweigh its risks, the drug can cause some serious side effects:


Lucentis

LucentisLucentis® Treatment works by preventing the growth of abnormal blood vessels while treating the swelling of the macula. Most likely the vision loss caused by wet Macular Degeneration can’t be fully regained, but Lucentis® works to prevent any further vision loss, while in some cases, reversing some vision lost with Macular Degeneration.

Administering Lucentis® is an in office procedure where the pupil must be dilated and the eye is numbed with anesthesia before the Lucentis® is injected into the vitreous, which is the clear jelly-like fluid that fills the inside of your eye. The injections will need to take place on a regular basis, generally every four weeks, but it is important to speak directly with your Orange County retina specialist to determine the exact treatment calendar for you.


Preservative-free Triamcinolone

Triamcinolone is a steroid. An intravitreal injection of triamcinolone may be performed to treat macular Edema (swelling of the macula). The cause of the macular edema may be related to macular degeneration, diabetic eye disease or post-operative inflammation. The steroid acts to reduce the amount of accumulated fluid and thus settle the inflammation.